Mikhail Gorbachev’s Need to Disgrace the Soviet Army
13 October, 2011
Mikhail Gorbachev’s Need to Disgrace the Soviet Army

Gorbachev wanted to cut back on overall spending in the USSR, which could only be done at the expense of the Soviet Army generals and their families. As a matter of fact, they had always been provided for quite richly. It was necessary to first purposefully damage the reputation of the Army and only after that start truncating its ranks, firing the top brass in the first place. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – The new leader of the Soviet

Union Mikhail Gorbachev considered the Soviet Army and its ever-present problems one of the main obstacles on the way to successful Perestroika (restructuring of the country and the soviet society on the whole). The Soviet Army was one of the most powerful state structures, within which the soviet ideology was still vigorously throbbing, looking with suspicion at Gorabchev’s blue print for putting the country on a totally renovated track of further development. Didn’t this contradiction between the Army of the country and the leader of the nation look somewhat weird?

SM – Not really! The issue had its truly logical development. As I have said before, if anything or anybody enjoyed genuine popularity in the Soviet Union, that was the heroic Soviet Army. On the other hand, the Army and its commanders were resolutely curbing the advent of capitalism in the USSR. The thing was that the Army continued to cling to soviet ideology and it persistently maintained communist mentality. The Soviet Army generals made the only social group which was much better off (especially after Stalin’s death) than the communist party elite. In the years between 1945 and 1953, the soviet top brass who had emerged victorious in the Second World War, were swept by the waves of Stalinist repressions, but later, they were given a chance to enjoy special fringes, like state-subsidized country houses, free apartments, access to privileged stores, full of rare merchandise and foodstuff (in 1980, as a result of economic crisis in the country, the Soviet Union embarked on special system of food distribution; hence many valuable products became scarce). The military service men and women were given access to many other social privileges. Certainly, this was not true in case of regular soldiers, but the soviet top brass had indeed enjoyed a truly capitalist life-style. Gorbachev wanted to cut back on overall spending in the USSR, which could only be done at the expense of the Soviet Army generals and their families. As a matter of fact, they had always been provided for quite richly. It was necessary to first purposefully damage the reputation of the Army and only after that start truncating its ranks, firing the top brass in the first place. As I understand, the Western world (developed capitalist countries) did all its best to persuade Mikhail Gorbachev to speed up the process of introducing capitalism in the Soviet Union. They desired and were ready to develop trade and economic cooperation with the socialist-turned-capitalist country. And the expectations were quite considerable. Turning Germany, Czech Republic and Poland towards capitalism could trigger a huge sense of discontent among the leadership of the Soviet Army for the known reasons. For example, there were half a million soviet soldiers and officers stationed in East Germany which was considered as one of the most elitist and privileged military units of that time. Accordingly, it was funded lavishly by the soviet government. All the process of its maintenance and promotion was asking for huge spending, but if further management of the Soviet Army were directed as it was contemplated in compliance with Gorbachev’s plan (capitalization, democratization, downsizing of the army, etc.), then a lot of privileges would be forfeited, and the frustrated army could easily turn into a source of a serious upheaval. And this could threaten the peaceful life in the entire country.

Print
Other Stories
Mariah Carey may perform in Georgia
American singer Mariah Carey may arrive in Georgia within the framework of the Check in Georgia project, - Giorgi Kobulia, Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development, said.
Hollywood star Dolph Lundgren visiting Georgia for "Ragnar" commercial
Dolph Lundgren, a Swedish actor, will pariticpate in a Ragnar commercial in Georgia.
Nanuka Gudavadze’s photo session for ANOUKI
Nanuka Gudavadze is a Georgian model.
7 citizens died from suspected CO poisoning in Tbilisi
Police are investigating the incident that took place on Ketevan Tsamebuli street, leaving seven people dead.
Miss Georgia 2009 to marry Rustavi 2 TV channel owner
Nanuka Gogichaishvili, a famous Georgian model and a former TV presenter of one of the leading TV broadcasting company Rustavi 2 is marrying to Nika Nakopia.
The Sun: Georgian girl speaks about Jack Shepherd
A 24-year old Georgian Maiko TChanturidze has spoken about the moment Jack Shepherd admitted he was wanted over the death crash.
New shirt with “Kmara” and “Borjghalo” symbols by Demna Gvasalia cost 491.67 Euros
Demna Gvasalia is a Georgian fashion designer, the creative director of Balenciaga and head designer of Vetements.
Returning from Germany to be a role model in Georgia
Tina Davadze, a young entrepreneur from Georgia, creates leather accessories in Kharagauli, Imereti (western region of Georgia).
Bera among 12 gorgeous men breaking beauty standards
Georgian rapper Bera Ivanishvili is among “12 Gorgeous Men Who Made Us Forget About Beauty Standards”.
Lia’s Georgian Cookery School opening in Oxford
The Oxford Times has recently published an article about Lia’s Cookery School opening in Oxford in January this year.
Georgian library opened at the Queens Library, New York City
Georgian library was opened at the Queens Library, a public library serving New York City.
Mikheil Saakashvili together with Georgian emigrants plan to return home
The former president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili has recently promised Georgian emigrants to return home.
Tako Natsvlishvili features in video for Pain de sucre
Tako Natsvlishvili, Georgian Model featured in a new video for Pain de Sucre.
Demna Gvasalia’s extraordinary collection at a hall full of animals
Famous Georgian designer Demna Gvasalia has recently showcased his latest collection at Paris Fashion Week.
Epiphany marked in Georgia
On January 19 Orthodox Georgians celebrate Epiphany feast.
Two persons detained in connection with Didi Dighomi accident
Two people have been detained in connection with the tragic incident in the Didi Dighomi district of Tbilisi
Measles outbreak ongoing in Georgia
A total of 312 cases of measles were reported in Georgia from January 1 through January 16
“Ironbark” will star Georgian actor Merab Ninidze with Benedict Cumberbatch
Famous Georgian actor Merab Ninidze will appear in Dominic Cooke’s film “Ironbark”.
Photographer Giorgi Zhamerashvili about the tragedy in Didi Dighomi
Yesterday on the 16th of January, gas explosion occurred in the Didi Dighomi district of Tbilisi.
Tbilisi City Hall provides 27 persons, damaged in explosion, with temporary accommodations
Tbilisi City Hall has provided 27 persons, damaged in the suspected natural gas leak explosion in Tbilisi yesterday, with temporary accommodations
Gas explosion in Tbilisi kills four, including one child
Four people, including one child, died and eight others were injured as a result of gas explosion
17 dead from flu virus in Georgia, but the dynamic is decreasing
17 people have died from clinically confirmed flu virus in Georgia so far.
Tourists climb over fence to enter Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta
Tourists have found an alternative way to enter the territory of Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta.
Georgian couple quitting their jobs  to travel
Georgian couple Elene Gelagutashvili and Giorgi Tevzadze quitted their jobs to embark on adventures to South America.
How is Georgia preparing for Eurovision Song Contest?
Eurovision Song Contest is one of the largest of its kind and around 300 million spectators are getting ready to watch the show.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
21.02.2019
22.02.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6574
2.6570
EUR
1
EUR
3.0146
3.0128
GBP
1
GBP
3.4629
3.4714
RUB
100
RUB
4.0421
4.0560
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6570
EUR
1
EUR
3.0128
GBP
1
GBP
3.4714
RUB
100
RUB
4.0560