The 9th of April of 1989
11 November, 2011
The 9th of April of 1989

Along each parallel street, leading down to Rustaveli Avenue, where the protesters were crowded, the soviet troopers marched towards the manifestation spot. They had instructions to manipulate the crowd so that the situation was created which might instigate breaking of protesters into the government house. That was Plan A. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – At four in the morning of April the 9th of 1989 the situ

ation in front of the government house in the Rustaveli Avenue came to a head. Nobody moved at the Patriarch’s call to disperse and to find shelter in the Kashueti Church for prayers and expressed gratitude to God for saving them. After the encouraging calls and slogans to continue the meeting in the street, the deep and strained silence overwhelmed the expectant public. The crowd of thousands of protesters was standing soundless as one person.

SM – People stood in panic. Somebody used rough language. Sobbing of women was heard. Nothing was strange in misunderstanding the Patriarchs words - the ecclesiastical terminology was just Greek to the Comsomol-brain-washed young people of that generation. Even Irakli Tsereteli, one of the youngest leaders of Georgia’s national-liberation movement who was brought up on anti-soviet ideals, did not know the entire text of the Lord’s Prayer by heart.

GJ – After the Patriarch’s call, Irakli Tsereteli applied to the crowd, telling them to kneel down and say the Lord’s Prayer. He added they could at least die in prayers if death was inevitable. The crowd was peaceful and absolutely free of any weapons. I think we would all go home if the leaders of national-liberation movement had applied to people calling them to disperse for the time being.

SM – I can’t say that! I am not sure that might have happened because, unconsciously, the leaders of national-liberation movement of Georgia had not yet formed into genuine national leaders. The actual national leaders at that time were communist party bosses. The picture was analogical all over the Soviet Union. Let’s recollect for example the fact that it was namely the party elite in the Baltic Sea republics who had headed the Perestroika process, directed against the existent style of management. We took the leaders of our national-liberation movement more as ideological leaders of our country than anything else. They possessed no levers for managing the political processes. That’s why Zviad Gamsakhurdia and Merab Kostava would have been stigmatized as cowards if they had called on people with the proposal to go home. Their word (even the Patriarch’s word) was considered in an emotional-patriotic aspect rather than in a solid political context. We all knew very well that no meaningful guarantees of safety or any other favorable consequence, following their calls could have been expected by the public. At that time in Georgia, all of them – the KGB, the Communist Party, the Army, Rodionov (commander of South Caucasian Military District and Georgia’s communist party central committee bureau member) – just all of them were subordinated only to Jumber Patiashvili, at least used to reckon with him. Patiashvili was not only the party boss in Georgia, but also, he was a lieutenant-general (according to the soviet law) of the Army, and he had every possible lever in his hands to regulate the current political processes. People would not have believed Zviad Gamsakhurdia and other leaders for one more reason – they had no official posts in the country. That was enough reason to be deprived of any specific information about ongoing matters. If we assumed that they had the relevant specific information about the situation that might mean that they were connected with authorities and thus were the traitors. None of us was an accidental straggler among the people crowded in the Rustaveli Avenue on the 9th of April. All of us joined the rally not at the call of a certain leader or because of consideration of them. We all were there under the influence of a national-liberation idea. I had personally joined the crowd of my protesting fellow Georgians because I saw tanks that morning passing under my windows.

Other Stories
Georgian designers who participate in TBFW 2018
Mercedes Benz Fashion Week 2018 kicks off tomorrow, on the 1st of November and will last for 5 days, until the 5th of November.
Tusk of elephant Grand successfully removed in Tbilisi Zoo
Surgery of the elephant Grand in Tbilisi zoo was successful and is over now. Elephant can walk now but specialists still observe its condition.
International fashion exponents meet Georgian designers MBFW Tbilisi
If you’re interested in fashion then you should definitely add a new event to your agenda. Namely Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Tbilisi that takes place from 1 to 5th of November.
Maryam d'Abo - James Bond Girl with Georgian roots
Giorgi Kvinitadze was a commander-in-chief of the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
Elephant to undergo surgery in Tbilisi Zoo
The elephant Grand is about to undergo the hardest surgery today on the 31st of October.
Best places to celebrate Halloween in Tbilisi
Halloween is celebrated on the 31st of October. It evolved from the Celtic holiday of Samhain which took place at the beginning of winter.
Bera Ivanishvili and Nanuka Gudavadze to get marry on the 11th of November
Son of the richest person in Georgia Bera Ivanishvili and the Georgian model Nanuka Gudavadze plan to get married on the 11th of November.
8-year-old girl killed in Gori - suspected murderer detained
The man suspected of killing the 8-year-old girl (with the initials I.N.) was detained today, on the 26 of October.
Audrey Hepburn with Georgian Emmy Award winner
Some photos keep whole stories. Especially one that are taken with famous people.
New clip by Bera Ivanishvili - Time machine
The richest man in Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili is very much involved in politics, but we cannot say the same about his children, especially about Bera.
Olivia Wilde and Lea Michele in David Koma dresses
Recently, InStyle has organized the fourth annual InStyle Awards.
Gregory Pekk and Marcello Mastroianni and their friendship with Georgians
Leila Abashidze was a famous Georgian actress. She was sometimes referred to as "Mary Pickford of the USSR".
Georgian singer Sofia Nizharadze’s sexy outlooks
Sofia Nizharadze is a Georgian singer. She represented Georgia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Shine reaching the 9th place.
Beautiful Georgian Model Tamta Shedania tells her story
The model of Elite Model Look Georgia (an international modeling contest) Tamta Shedania worked with various Asian and European modeling agencies.
Ghanaian Eudosia Andoh – Everyday life in Tbilisi in photos
Eudosia Andoh has been living in Tbilisi for three and half years and has been travelling in different parts of Georgia.
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 ended
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 came to an end. The event has been widely reported in the international press such as Vogue, Marie Claire, ELLE, Harper's Bazaar, etc.
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues – What’s new?
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues. Foreign tourists, designers, models and special guests attend the event.
The first day of the Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 has officially commenced.
Sophia Loren, Ornella Muti and their friendship with the Georgians
Georgia has numerous artists popular to the international public.
Tbilisi Fashion Week kicks off
Tbilisi Fashion Week is going to commence on the 18th of October. The slogan of the fashion week is “We Must Take Care of Nature”.
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani becomes a mother
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani became a mother. Ana Akhvlediani married to Giorgi Beraia in July, 2018. The couple has a daughter.
What do wives of the rich Georgians wear?
Famous Georgian faces pay great attention to look gorgeous when they appear in public or upload photos on social network.
Saddam Hussein’s Georgian Personal Advisor
A-83-year-old pilot Darwin Rukhadze from Georgia used to serve as a personal advisor of Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq.
What makes Japan so similar to Georgia?
Japanese people know Georgia and the Georgians well enough thanks to the Georgian Sumo wrestler Levan Gorgadze, also known as Tochinoshin.
Top 5 most beautiful Georgian models
Georgian models take part in popular international catwalks, photo shoots, fashion weeks and shows. They are very successful in Georgia as well as worldwide.
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
November 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30