The 9 April Aftermath – Survival Chance or Downfall of USSR?!
17 November, 2011
The 9 April Aftermath – Survival Chance or Downfall of USSR?!

The aim was achieved on the whole – serious discrediting of the Soviet Army had actually taken place. In Europe, the anti-soviet movement and manifestations had started. The soviet communist party and the Russian occupation of Eastern Europe became the target of harsh criticism. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – The dawn of April 10 of 1989 in Georgia was sullen, gloomy and mournful. The news of the massacre in the capital of Georgia, perpetrated by the Russian special punitive

squad with heartless cool went all over Georgia like lightning. The death toll resulting from brutal killings and gas poisoning was not yet estimated. The soviet tanks were standing in the streets of Tbilisi. The armed Russian soldiers were silently averting the hateful and angry looks of passers-by. The Nation was overwhelmed with a monolithic sense of solidarity and unanimity. National unanimity of this magnitude will not be known to this country for a long time to come . . . Curfew was declared in Tbilisi.

SM – The Dzerzhinsky special squad of soviet state security which had performed the 9th of April act of manslaughter with unimaginable cruelty was no longer in Tbilisi that morning. They did their job and left. With them, they took the video footage of details of that night’s butchery. The leaders of the national-liberation movement were arrested, but soon they were released. Yeltsin sent his condolences to Georgia on the occasion of what had happened here. The KGB-engaged journalists, playing the trendy game of ‘democracy’, arrived from Moscow in Tbilisi. The investigation into the events of the 9th of April was on its way . . .

GJ – There goes the opinion that the process of demise of the Soviet Union had realistically started on the 9th of April of 1989. It is my strongly personal opinion that the demise of the USSR was in its nature an inevitable historical logic. Georgia could not have avoided one additional gory incident in the process, could it?

SM – Here is the tandem of the events developed in Georgia in the aftermath of the 9th of April: May, June July and August were noted for the fact of critical propaganda of the cruelty committed by the Soviet Army in Georgia. At that time, Katushev was the soviet military prosecutor who started the investigation of his own. He came up with solid material and a conclusion as a result of the performed investigation which was brought to the family of the Georgian political scientist Soso Tsiskarishvili by Boris Yeltsin personally. I read Katushev’s Conclusion in that particular family.

GJ – What was written in the Conclusion?

SM – The Conclusion described in details the chronology of events of those days – in amazing details: names of participants in the protest manifestation in front of the Government House in the Rustaveli Avenue; who was standing where; who shouted what; the slogans and names of their authors; the number of troops of the Dzerzhinsky special squad and the number of soldiers of the Soviet Army. It is based on that conclusion that I am insisting that the sadistic carnage was committed by the special punitive squad of soviet state security. Notably, nobody was lower than lieutenant’s military rank in the squad. And all of them were of solid age. That was a well-trained and professionally-concentrated group of combatants which had always been absolutely conscious of its well-planned actions, and knew very well what they were going to do in Tbilisi either. So the Soviet Army was made a scapegoat in vain – their part was minor in this case. Loud reading of Katushev’s report on the events of the 9th of April in Tbilisi and the Conclusion of his commission was put on the agenda of the congresses of the Soviets (parliamentary body) and the USSR Communist Party. The report was not at all covering up the behavior of the Georgian government, but it also made a clear statement that the Soviet Army had nothing to do with the massacre in Tbilisi. It was the KGB special squad who did the job. So Katushev’s report was calling for immediate stoppage of anti-soviet-army propaganda, discrediting it badly.

Print
Other Stories
Georgian designers who participate in TBFW 2018
Mercedes Benz Fashion Week 2018 kicks off tomorrow, on the 1st of November and will last for 5 days, until the 5th of November.
Tusk of elephant Grand successfully removed in Tbilisi Zoo
Surgery of the elephant Grand in Tbilisi zoo was successful and is over now. Elephant can walk now but specialists still observe its condition.
International fashion exponents meet Georgian designers MBFW Tbilisi
If you’re interested in fashion then you should definitely add a new event to your agenda. Namely Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Tbilisi that takes place from 1 to 5th of November.
Maryam d'Abo - James Bond Girl with Georgian roots
Giorgi Kvinitadze was a commander-in-chief of the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
Elephant to undergo surgery in Tbilisi Zoo
The elephant Grand is about to undergo the hardest surgery today on the 31st of October.
Best places to celebrate Halloween in Tbilisi
Halloween is celebrated on the 31st of October. It evolved from the Celtic holiday of Samhain which took place at the beginning of winter.
Bera Ivanishvili and Nanuka Gudavadze to get marry on the 11th of November
Son of the richest person in Georgia Bera Ivanishvili and the Georgian model Nanuka Gudavadze plan to get married on the 11th of November.
8-year-old girl killed in Gori - suspected murderer detained
The man suspected of killing the 8-year-old girl (with the initials I.N.) was detained today, on the 26 of October.
Audrey Hepburn with Georgian Emmy Award winner
Some photos keep whole stories. Especially one that are taken with famous people.
New clip by Bera Ivanishvili - Time machine
The richest man in Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili is very much involved in politics, but we cannot say the same about his children, especially about Bera.
Olivia Wilde and Lea Michele in David Koma dresses
Recently, InStyle has organized the fourth annual InStyle Awards.
Gregory Pekk and Marcello Mastroianni and their friendship with Georgians
Leila Abashidze was a famous Georgian actress. She was sometimes referred to as "Mary Pickford of the USSR".
Georgian singer Sofia Nizharadze’s sexy outlooks
Sofia Nizharadze is a Georgian singer. She represented Georgia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 with the song "Shine reaching the 9th place.
Beautiful Georgian Model Tamta Shedania tells her story
The model of Elite Model Look Georgia (an international modeling contest) Tamta Shedania worked with various Asian and European modeling agencies.
Ghanaian Eudosia Andoh – Everyday life in Tbilisi in photos
Eudosia Andoh has been living in Tbilisi for three and half years and has been travelling in different parts of Georgia.
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 ended
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 came to an end. The event has been widely reported in the international press such as Vogue, Marie Claire, ELLE, Harper's Bazaar, etc.
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues – What’s new?
Tbilisi Fashion Week continues. Foreign tourists, designers, models and special guests attend the event.
The first day of the Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019
Tbilisi Fashion Week SS 2019 has officially commenced.
Sophia Loren, Ornella Muti and their friendship with the Georgians
Georgia has numerous artists popular to the international public.
Tbilisi Fashion Week kicks off
Tbilisi Fashion Week is going to commence on the 18th of October. The slogan of the fashion week is “We Must Take Care of Nature”.
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani becomes a mother
Georgian model Ana Akhvlediani became a mother. Ana Akhvlediani married to Giorgi Beraia in July, 2018. The couple has a daughter.
What do wives of the rich Georgians wear?
Famous Georgian faces pay great attention to look gorgeous when they appear in public or upload photos on social network.
Saddam Hussein’s Georgian Personal Advisor
A-83-year-old pilot Darwin Rukhadze from Georgia used to serve as a personal advisor of Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq.
What makes Japan so similar to Georgia?
Japanese people know Georgia and the Georgians well enough thanks to the Georgian Sumo wrestler Levan Gorgadze, also known as Tochinoshin.
Top 5 most beautiful Georgian models
Georgian models take part in popular international catwalks, photo shoots, fashion weeks and shows. They are very successful in Georgia as well as worldwide.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
16.11.2018
17.11.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6818
2.6727
EUR
1
EUR
3.0299
3.0268
GBP
1
GBP
3.4332
3.4240
RUB
100
RUB
4.0185
4.0447
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6727
EUR
1
EUR
3.0268
GBP
1
GBP
3.4240
RUB
100
RUB
4.0447
November 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30