The 9 April Aftermath – Survival Chance or Downfall of USSR?!
17 November, 2011
The 9 April Aftermath – Survival Chance or Downfall of USSR?!

The aim was achieved on the whole – serious discrediting of the Soviet Army had actually taken place. In Europe, the anti-soviet movement and manifestations had started. The soviet communist party and the Russian occupation of Eastern Europe became the target of harsh criticism. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – The dawn of April 10 of 1989 in Georgia was sullen, gloomy and mournful. The news of the massacre in the capital of Georgia, perpetrated by the Russian special punitive

squad with heartless cool went all over Georgia like lightning. The death toll resulting from brutal killings and gas poisoning was not yet estimated. The soviet tanks were standing in the streets of Tbilisi. The armed Russian soldiers were silently averting the hateful and angry looks of passers-by. The Nation was overwhelmed with a monolithic sense of solidarity and unanimity. National unanimity of this magnitude will not be known to this country for a long time to come . . . Curfew was declared in Tbilisi.

SM – The Dzerzhinsky special squad of soviet state security which had performed the 9th of April act of manslaughter with unimaginable cruelty was no longer in Tbilisi that morning. They did their job and left. With them, they took the video footage of details of that night’s butchery. The leaders of the national-liberation movement were arrested, but soon they were released. Yeltsin sent his condolences to Georgia on the occasion of what had happened here. The KGB-engaged journalists, playing the trendy game of ‘democracy’, arrived from Moscow in Tbilisi. The investigation into the events of the 9th of April was on its way . . .

GJ – There goes the opinion that the process of demise of the Soviet Union had realistically started on the 9th of April of 1989. It is my strongly personal opinion that the demise of the USSR was in its nature an inevitable historical logic. Georgia could not have avoided one additional gory incident in the process, could it?

SM – Here is the tandem of the events developed in Georgia in the aftermath of the 9th of April: May, June July and August were noted for the fact of critical propaganda of the cruelty committed by the Soviet Army in Georgia. At that time, Katushev was the soviet military prosecutor who started the investigation of his own. He came up with solid material and a conclusion as a result of the performed investigation which was brought to the family of the Georgian political scientist Soso Tsiskarishvili by Boris Yeltsin personally. I read Katushev’s Conclusion in that particular family.

GJ – What was written in the Conclusion?

SM – The Conclusion described in details the chronology of events of those days – in amazing details: names of participants in the protest manifestation in front of the Government House in the Rustaveli Avenue; who was standing where; who shouted what; the slogans and names of their authors; the number of troops of the Dzerzhinsky special squad and the number of soldiers of the Soviet Army. It is based on that conclusion that I am insisting that the sadistic carnage was committed by the special punitive squad of soviet state security. Notably, nobody was lower than lieutenant’s military rank in the squad. And all of them were of solid age. That was a well-trained and professionally-concentrated group of combatants which had always been absolutely conscious of its well-planned actions, and knew very well what they were going to do in Tbilisi either. So the Soviet Army was made a scapegoat in vain – their part was minor in this case. Loud reading of Katushev’s report on the events of the 9th of April in Tbilisi and the Conclusion of his commission was put on the agenda of the congresses of the Soviets (parliamentary body) and the USSR Communist Party. The report was not at all covering up the behavior of the Georgian government, but it also made a clear statement that the Soviet Army had nothing to do with the massacre in Tbilisi. It was the KGB special squad who did the job. So Katushev’s report was calling for immediate stoppage of anti-soviet-army propaganda, discrediting it badly.

Other Stories
Mariah Carey may perform in Georgia
American singer Mariah Carey may arrive in Georgia within the framework of the Check in Georgia project, - Giorgi Kobulia, Minister of Economy and Sustainable Development, said.
Hollywood star Dolph Lundgren visiting Georgia for "Ragnar" commercial
Dolph Lundgren, a Swedish actor, will pariticpate in a Ragnar commercial in Georgia.
Nanuka Gudavadze’s photo session for ANOUKI
Nanuka Gudavadze is a Georgian model.
7 citizens died from suspected CO poisoning in Tbilisi
Police are investigating the incident that took place on Ketevan Tsamebuli street, leaving seven people dead.
Miss Georgia 2009 to marry Rustavi 2 TV channel owner
Nanuka Gogichaishvili, a famous Georgian model and a former TV presenter of one of the leading TV broadcasting company Rustavi 2 is marrying to Nika Nakopia.
The Sun: Georgian girl speaks about Jack Shepherd
A 24-year old Georgian Maiko TChanturidze has spoken about the moment Jack Shepherd admitted he was wanted over the death crash.
New shirt with “Kmara” and “Borjghalo” symbols by Demna Gvasalia cost 491.67 Euros
Demna Gvasalia is a Georgian fashion designer, the creative director of Balenciaga and head designer of Vetements.
Returning from Germany to be a role model in Georgia
Tina Davadze, a young entrepreneur from Georgia, creates leather accessories in Kharagauli, Imereti (western region of Georgia).
Bera among 12 gorgeous men breaking beauty standards
Georgian rapper Bera Ivanishvili is among “12 Gorgeous Men Who Made Us Forget About Beauty Standards”.
Lia’s Georgian Cookery School opening in Oxford
The Oxford Times has recently published an article about Lia’s Cookery School opening in Oxford in January this year.
Georgian library opened at the Queens Library, New York City
Georgian library was opened at the Queens Library, a public library serving New York City.
Mikheil Saakashvili together with Georgian emigrants plan to return home
The former president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili has recently promised Georgian emigrants to return home.
Tako Natsvlishvili features in video for Pain de sucre
Tako Natsvlishvili, Georgian Model featured in a new video for Pain de Sucre.
Demna Gvasalia’s extraordinary collection at a hall full of animals
Famous Georgian designer Demna Gvasalia has recently showcased his latest collection at Paris Fashion Week.
Epiphany marked in Georgia
On January 19 Orthodox Georgians celebrate Epiphany feast.
Two persons detained in connection with Didi Dighomi accident
Two people have been detained in connection with the tragic incident in the Didi Dighomi district of Tbilisi
Measles outbreak ongoing in Georgia
A total of 312 cases of measles were reported in Georgia from January 1 through January 16
“Ironbark” will star Georgian actor Merab Ninidze with Benedict Cumberbatch
Famous Georgian actor Merab Ninidze will appear in Dominic Cooke’s film “Ironbark”.
Photographer Giorgi Zhamerashvili about the tragedy in Didi Dighomi
Yesterday on the 16th of January, gas explosion occurred in the Didi Dighomi district of Tbilisi.
Tbilisi City Hall provides 27 persons, damaged in explosion, with temporary accommodations
Tbilisi City Hall has provided 27 persons, damaged in the suspected natural gas leak explosion in Tbilisi yesterday, with temporary accommodations
Gas explosion in Tbilisi kills four, including one child
Four people, including one child, died and eight others were injured as a result of gas explosion
17 dead from flu virus in Georgia, but the dynamic is decreasing
17 people have died from clinically confirmed flu virus in Georgia so far.
Tourists climb over fence to enter Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta
Tourists have found an alternative way to enter the territory of Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta.
Georgian couple quitting their jobs  to travel
Georgian couple Elene Gelagutashvili and Giorgi Tevzadze quitted their jobs to embark on adventures to South America.
How is Georgia preparing for Eurovision Song Contest?
Eurovision Song Contest is one of the largest of its kind and around 300 million spectators are getting ready to watch the show.
GEL Exchange Rate
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
February 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28