The Beleaguered Georgian President
01 December, 2011

Zviad Gamsakhurdia was confronted by former agents of KGB and Georgia’s communist party elite who were going to forfeit considerable fringe benefits and privileges inherited by them from the soviet regime and now threatened to be taken away by the newly-elected noncommunist government of Georgia. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – In the beginning of December of 1991 there started the reduction of state-funded scholarships in colleges and universities of Georgia. Demanding the increase of scholarships, certain part of the

Tbilisi State University student body, who did not very well know what was going on in reality, had started manifestations in front of the University building. What was the general sentiment among the students? Were they using false reasons for starting the demonstration?

SM – Right at the beginning, those manifestations carried anti-Gamsakhurdia character which eventually turned into political demands, and finally moved from the University yard to the street in front of the Parliament House where they found gathered President Gamsakhurdia supporters from various districts of Georgia. Those two groups of people were separated by the partition made from the busses parked in line. The situation became even tauter when the audiocassette with recently recorded comments by an American congressman was furnished to Tengiz Kitovani and his grouping at the Tbilisi Sea territory. The congressman was saying that he had traced certain autocratic tendency in the Gamsakhurdia rule. Frankly speaking, there was nothing overly strange and awful in the American congressman’s comment – why was it surprising that in the American Congress there could have been a member who suffered from the Russian influence to a certain extent, thus making negative comments about Georgia and its president?

GJ – But the problem is that in the hands of Kitovani and certain part of the opposition – quite limited in number – the fact was turned into a big deal, wasn’t it?

SM – Kitovani grabbed a chance immediately to work up a tempest in a tea-cup. ‘You see, he said, what Gamsakhurdia is in reality? He is not just another dictator but an autocrat too’. Generally speaking, Zviad Gamsakhurdia was confronted by former agents of KGB and Georgia’s communist party elite who were going to forfeit considerable fringe benefits and privileges, inherited by them from the soviet regime and now threatened to be taken away by the newly-elected noncommunist government of Georgia. Even part of the National Guard joined the opposition against President Gamsakhurdia, saying nothing about the strong military formation ‘Mkhedrioni’ which became even a fiercer adversary to the President than others.  On the other hand, ‘Mkhedrioni’ was practically incapacitated, and was not so effective any more because their founder and actual leader Jaba Ioseliani was then doing time in prison. Certainly, President Gamsakhurdia possessed bigger military power than anybody in his opposition. It was not at all difficult for him to apprehend the rebellious Kitovani and his limited entourage as well as the renegade National Guard, but Zviad was not ready to spill his own people’s blood. The breakup of the Soviet Union was almost an actual fact. On the 22nd of December of 1991, the leaders of the Ukraine and Belarus had an official encounter on the subject, during which they promulgated the alternative to the USSR – the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

Print
Other Stories
Ex-president of Georgia wore torn jeans and Balenciaga sneakers
The Dutch newspaper Trouw recently published an interview with the former president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili.
Tako Natsvlishvili at Victoria’s Secret casting 2018
Tako Natsvlishvili participated in the Victoria Secret’s 2018 casting on the 29th of August, in New York. The Georgian model was among Victoria’s Secret finalists in 2017.
International Festival of classical music to be held in Batumi
At the end of this week an International Festival of classic music will kick off for the 6th time in Batumi, Georgia’s beautiful seaside city.
Georgians who beat the world record
There are many Georgians among the world recordsmen. Georgians managed to beat the world record for 78 times to date. Today we explore four of them.
Jenny Brunt speaks about Georgia with Georgian Journal
Jenny Brunt is among the most famous models worldwide. She used to be on the covers of different international magazines in the 1990s.
Tako Natsvlishvili wearing Pain de Sucre - photographed by David Bellemere
Tako Natsvlishvili is a 19-yeal old model from Georgia. She has recently been photographed by a prominent French photographer David Bellemere.
Former Georgian plastic surgeon who owns a restaurant in New York
Maia Acquaviva is a Georgian former surgeon, who worked in one of the clinics here in Tbilisi, but decided to go to the USA and start a business there.
David Beckham first saw Victoria Adams in Tbilisi
Tbilisi is truly a magical city. It brings many people and cultures together, even connects future spouses. Do you think we are joking? Not at all.
Georgia should be at the top of every travel destination list – says German photographer about Georgia
The German Chancellor Angela Merkel visits Georgia tomorrow and possibly as a result of this visit the German media is currently writing a lot about Georgia.
Alexander Julakidze - Georgian pianist based in Jerusalem
A well-known Georgian pianist Alexander Julakidze has successfully participated in a variety of piano competitions. He currently lives in Jerusalem, Israel contributing to Georgia’s popularity all over the world.
Anna Kendrick in David Koma’s dress
The readers of the Georgian Journal will definitely have heard about David Koma, a young and talented Georgian designer based in London.
Medical tourism increases in Georgia
In the first quarter of 2018, Georgia was visited by 13 900 foreigners for medical and recovery purposes. The level is 61.2 % higher than the same period in 2017.
Rebellious and successful Georgian model based in Barcelona
Remember we told you a story this week about a Georgian model Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, who currently is based in Barcelona and is quite successful there?
Georgian Rubik’s Cube solver Vako Marchilashvili breaks the Guinness World Record
Vako Marchilashvili is a young Rubik’s Cube solver from Georgia. He participated in “Georgia’s Got Talent 2017 “and introduced his genius abilities to the Georgian public.
Turkish born Georgian sisters sing a beautiful song
There are many Georgians, who live in Turkey, but maintain Georgian culture and heritage.
What types of transport can Georgia offer tourists?
Train, subway, bus, mini-bus, taxi and airplane – these are the types of transport that Georgia can offer tourists.
Chris Botti to perform in Georgia
American trumpeter Chris Botti arrived in Georgia yesterday. Today the musician is due to perform with the Georgian singer Nani Bregvadze.
Georgian schoolchildren create Robot “Vano”
Georgian students from the Guivy Zaldastanishvili American Academy in Tbilisi have created a robot named Vano.
Khatia Buniatishvili performs with the Estonian Festival Orchestra at the Proms in London
On the 13th of August, Paavo Järvi and the Estonian Festival Orchestra performed at the Royal Albert Hall in London during its famous Proms season.
Paloma Anastasia Mikadze, an Instagram star from Georgia
Anastasia Mikadze is a Georgian social network star from Georgia. She shares her ideas about fashion, interior design and healthy lifestyle with hundreds of followers on Instagram.
Georgian lifeguard who saved life of nearly 700 people
Gocha Bilvanidze, the Head of the Maritime Rescue Service has been with the organization for eight years now. He has saved the lives of around 700 people during that time.
Children of Georgian migrant to the USA Parten Chikviladze (Peter Chiglo) visit Georgia
A 16-year Parten Chikviladze from Racha (the western part of Georgia) left Georgian 1913 for America, never to return back.
 Surprising proposal by a Georgian Soldier
The video of a Georgian Cadet Soldier’s proposal to his girlfriend has gone viral on the social media. He proposed to her in the presence of other soldiers in front of the Academy.
The 10th anniversary of the 2008 war through a young graphic designer’s eye
A 23-year old Nika Chalakhshasvhili is a graphic designer from Georgia. He has created some interesting illustrations to express his protest against the Russian occupation of Georgian territory:
Georgian policewomen: stereotypes and reality
The number of female members in the Security Forces is increasing year after year.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
19.09.2018
20.09.2018
USD
1
USD
2.6188
2.6179
EUR
1
EUR
3.0593
3.0606
GBP
1
GBP
3.4414
3.4517
RUB
100
RUB
3.8673
3.9087
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6188
EUR
1
EUR
3.0593
GBP
1
GBP
3.4414
RUB
100
RUB
3.8673
September 2018
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30