Soviet Putsch & Georgia
22 December, 2011
Soviet Putsch & Georgia

Russia needed a reason, and sought for it desperately to justify her continuous occupation of 20% of Georgia’s territory. Eventually, Russia found such a convenient reason to do its vicious job, but the point is that Georgia could have avoided the dire consequences of Russia’s violent act. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – Confrontation and war put Georgia off the track of its development for several decades. The fact of the Soviet Union’s disintegration which meant an automatic liberation and

independence of every soviet republic was met by Georgia involved in civil war, ruined economy and political destabilization. Moreover, the main plight was still in store for the exhausted and the beleaguered nation. Where was all that taking Georgia to?

SM – In the days of the Putsch I had a person-to-person encounter with President Gamsakhurdia. I well remember his words – ‘Breakup of the Soviet Union is inevitable, we just need a couple of days more. Let’s after this hold multi-partisan elections and do whatever makes more sense’. His aim was to live to see the coming of the cherished day in order to celebrate together with his beloved people what he had fought for his entire life. In 1921, when the Georgian democratic republic (1918-1921) was still alive, Britain was working on the provisions of the treaty with Russia. It was presumed that Georgia would have maintained its long-fought-for national independence and freedom as a consequence of that treaty. The treaty was finally signed on the 18th of March of 1921, but Georgia’s Menshevik government had abandoned the country in a hurry on February 25, 1921 to find refuge in emigration. At the moment of their escape, Georgia was just one month shy of finally finding itself provided with the long-lasting and peaceful status quo. The Menshevik government had to resist the Russian Bolshevik military and political pressure for just one more month, which regretfully had never happened. Gamsakhurdia lacked just four days to achieve final victory, but he was not given a chance to hold onto power until the noisy crash of the Soviet Empire. The opposition ousted him four days too soon. Those facts are certainly more than a trivial piece of history. They simply make a great topic for a novel. This is just a paradox! What I am trying to emphasize right now may not be easily understood by a certain category of readers, like foreign ones, but those who know Georgians a little better will immediately conceive the meaning of my comments – we are the people with inherent ability to overly and unassumingly exalt when we have a reason to be felicitous. I strongly believe that Georgia could have avoided the civil war had they had enough patience for President Gamsakhurdia in those crucial four days of our history – from 22 to 25 December of 1991 – but alas, exactly the opposite had happened.

GJ – The war had turned everything upside down in Georgia and pushed the Nation backwards for several decades. What we are mowing now is a direct consequence of that stupid civil war at that time, isn’t it?

SM – It is exactly the result of that civil war that 20% of Georgia’s territory is occupied today. President Gamsakhurdia had abrogated the South Ossetia autonomy, which was followed by the escalation of the conflict in the region. But it was then that President Gamsakhurdia met with Russia’s leader Yeltsin in Kazbegi, who recognized Georgia’s territorial integrity. This meant that in case of the Soviet Unions breakup, Russia would automatically recognize Georgia as an independent country within the current legitimate boundaries of Georgia in the given situation.

GJ – Destabilization had started in Apkhazeti (Abkhazia) too, hadn’t it?

SM – Speaking about Apkhazeti (Abkhazia), the situation was calm and under control there thanks to President Gamsakhurdia’s constitutional reforms. As soon as the civil war had started and the President was compelled to leave the country, the Abkhaz leader Vladislav Ardzinba, with the help of Russians, the KGB and also assisted by the Georgian traitors, had managed to aggravate the situation. Georgia found itself in a political void, bereft of official authorities. So the motives which Russia had invented in order to maintain the occupation of 20% of Georgia’s territory would never have materialized. I am not saying anything about the ruined Georgian economy. I am not saying anything about Georgia’s spiritual life. I am not saying anything about the outrageously exacerbated person-to-person relationships in the country. (Continued in the next article on the same page)

Print
Other Stories
Tourists climb over fence to enter Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta
Tourists have found an alternative way to enter the territory of Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta.
Georgian couple quitting their jobs  to travel
Georgian couple Elene Gelagutashvili and Giorgi Tevzadze quitted their jobs to embark on adventures to South America.
How is Georgia preparing for Eurovision Song Contest?
Eurovision Song Contest is one of the largest of its kind and around 300 million spectators are getting ready to watch the show.
Georgian emigrant cooking amazing desserts with sugar and ginger
Georgian emigrant Meri Chichiashvili cooks unusual desserts with sugar and ginger.
Khatia Buniatishvili with Zubin Mehta perform in Tsinandali Palace, Georgia
Last year, on the 14th of September famous Georgian pianist Khatia Buniatishvili and the Israeli conductor Zubin Mehta held concert in Tsinandali.
Irakli Grdzelishvili, Georgian actor to act in Grey’s Anatomy
Georgian actor Irakli Grdzeilishvili will participate in one of the most watched American TV series – Grey’s Anatomy.
Glamour magazine about David Koma’s sequin dresses
Glamour magazine has recently published an article naming those “items” everyone will be buying this year.
Famous Youtuber PewDiePie wearing Demna Gvasalia
Felix Arvid Ulf Kjellberg, also known as PewDiePie, was dressed up in Demna Gvasalias’s shirt in one of his videos.
Mariam Goguadze – a Georgian singer and female rugby player
Mariam Giorgadze is a 20-year-old Georgian rugby player.
Ana Kipiani – a talented Georgian pianist
Ana Kipiani is a gifted Georgian pianist. She is currently studying at the Royal College of Music in London.
Exclusive interview with Neka Dorokashvili about herself and her family life
Interviews from Neka Dorokoshvili, wife of famous Georgian tennis player Nikoloz Basilashvili are rare,
Tbilisi Mayor spending holidays in Switzerland with his family
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and the first lady of Georgia’s capital, Anouki Areshidze with their four children are spending the Christmas holidays in Switzerland.
Lady Gaga wearing black vinyl boots by Datuna Sulikashvili
Lady Gaga has recently worn thigh-high black vinyl boots by a Georgian designer Datuna Sulikashvili.
Bera and Nanuka Gudavadze - Photo session in Kazbegi
Bera Ivanishvili is a Georgian rapper. Bera has now released an album “Gpirdebi” (I promise).
Georgian man badly injured by circus tiger in Italy
A 25-year-old Georgian was badly injured by a tiger after breaking into the cage at the Lidia Togni circus, which is currently in Reggio Calabria,
Melania Trump, Michele Obama taking after Georgian star Tina Kandelaki?
Tina Kandelaki is a Georgian journalist who has been living in Russia for years.
Georgian taxi driver in Poland picks up Mikheil Saakashvili
Georgian woman Megi Chkoidze works as a taxi driver in Poland.
Demna Gvasalia accused in plagirasim by Avtandil Tskvitinidze, Georgian designer
Demna Gvasalia was accused in plagiarism by another Georgian designer Avtandil Tskvitinidze.
“Insiders”: New Generation chooses Demna Gvasalia
Melchior Tersen, a Parisian photographer has recently represented a very interesting work for the latest issue of Replica Magazine.
Unforgettable Pre-New-Years party by Beaumonde
Beaumonde, a well-known Georgian magazine organized an unforgettable Pre-New-Year’s party for its readers, partner organizations and celebrities.
Kourtney Kardashian wearing a black dress by George Keburia
American TV star and model Kourtney Kardashian has recently uploaded a photo on Instagram wearing a sexy black dress by George Keburia.
Michelle Obama wearing Balenciaga and David Koma at “Becoming” tour
Michelle Obama has recently been witnessed in Georgian designers’ outfits.
Bringing life into non-living things
Jana Antipova is a Georgian artist. She makes incredible compositions with cobbles.
Tako Natsvlishvili’s photo session for Pain de Sucre
Tako Natsvlishvili is a 20-year old model from Georgia. She was photographed by a prominent French photographer David Bellemere in summer.
Over 80-year old Georgian women become fashion models
Georgian designer Megi Gabunia launched an inspirational campaign #BrightenSeniors’Days.
PHOTO OF THE DAY

Exchange Rates
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
20.01.2019
21.01.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6629
2.6629
EUR
1
EUR
3.0368
3.0368
GBP
1
GBP
3.4463
3.4463
RUB
100
RUB
4.0103
4.0103
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6629
EUR
1
EUR
3.0368
GBP
1
GBP
3.4463
RUB
100
RUB
4.0103
January 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31