Soviet Putsch & Georgia
22 December, 2011
Soviet Putsch & Georgia

Russia needed a reason, and sought for it desperately to justify her continuous occupation of 20% of Georgia’s territory. Eventually, Russia found such a convenient reason to do its vicious job, but the point is that Georgia could have avoided the dire consequences of Russia’s violent act. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

GJ – Confrontation and war put Georgia off the track of its development for several decades. The fact of the Soviet Union’s disintegration which meant an automatic liberation and

independence of every soviet republic was met by Georgia involved in civil war, ruined economy and political destabilization. Moreover, the main plight was still in store for the exhausted and the beleaguered nation. Where was all that taking Georgia to?

SM – In the days of the Putsch I had a person-to-person encounter with President Gamsakhurdia. I well remember his words – ‘Breakup of the Soviet Union is inevitable, we just need a couple of days more. Let’s after this hold multi-partisan elections and do whatever makes more sense’. His aim was to live to see the coming of the cherished day in order to celebrate together with his beloved people what he had fought for his entire life. In 1921, when the Georgian democratic republic (1918-1921) was still alive, Britain was working on the provisions of the treaty with Russia. It was presumed that Georgia would have maintained its long-fought-for national independence and freedom as a consequence of that treaty. The treaty was finally signed on the 18th of March of 1921, but Georgia’s Menshevik government had abandoned the country in a hurry on February 25, 1921 to find refuge in emigration. At the moment of their escape, Georgia was just one month shy of finally finding itself provided with the long-lasting and peaceful status quo. The Menshevik government had to resist the Russian Bolshevik military and political pressure for just one more month, which regretfully had never happened. Gamsakhurdia lacked just four days to achieve final victory, but he was not given a chance to hold onto power until the noisy crash of the Soviet Empire. The opposition ousted him four days too soon. Those facts are certainly more than a trivial piece of history. They simply make a great topic for a novel. This is just a paradox! What I am trying to emphasize right now may not be easily understood by a certain category of readers, like foreign ones, but those who know Georgians a little better will immediately conceive the meaning of my comments – we are the people with inherent ability to overly and unassumingly exalt when we have a reason to be felicitous. I strongly believe that Georgia could have avoided the civil war had they had enough patience for President Gamsakhurdia in those crucial four days of our history – from 22 to 25 December of 1991 – but alas, exactly the opposite had happened.

GJ – The war had turned everything upside down in Georgia and pushed the Nation backwards for several decades. What we are mowing now is a direct consequence of that stupid civil war at that time, isn’t it?

SM – It is exactly the result of that civil war that 20% of Georgia’s territory is occupied today. President Gamsakhurdia had abrogated the South Ossetia autonomy, which was followed by the escalation of the conflict in the region. But it was then that President Gamsakhurdia met with Russia’s leader Yeltsin in Kazbegi, who recognized Georgia’s territorial integrity. This meant that in case of the Soviet Unions breakup, Russia would automatically recognize Georgia as an independent country within the current legitimate boundaries of Georgia in the given situation.

GJ – Destabilization had started in Apkhazeti (Abkhazia) too, hadn’t it?

SM – Speaking about Apkhazeti (Abkhazia), the situation was calm and under control there thanks to President Gamsakhurdia’s constitutional reforms. As soon as the civil war had started and the President was compelled to leave the country, the Abkhaz leader Vladislav Ardzinba, with the help of Russians, the KGB and also assisted by the Georgian traitors, had managed to aggravate the situation. Georgia found itself in a political void, bereft of official authorities. So the motives which Russia had invented in order to maintain the occupation of 20% of Georgia’s territory would never have materialized. I am not saying anything about the ruined Georgian economy. I am not saying anything about Georgia’s spiritual life. I am not saying anything about the outrageously exacerbated person-to-person relationships in the country. (Continued in the next article on the same page)

Print
Other Stories
Young Georgian Soprano Made Soloist of Vienna State Opera
Tamuna Gochashvili, a 24-year-old Georgian opera singer, is a new discovery for the international opera industry
Saudi sisters have been offered help in Georgia
Two sisters from Saudi Arabia released a video saying that they have arrived in Georgia to seek asylum.
Dumbo Gets It Right: Behind the Curtain at the Animal Circus
INTERESTED IN ATTENDING THE PROTEST: 4.8K
Israeli Embassy addresses Georgian citizens, who intend to attend Holy Fire Ceremony
The Embassy of Israel to Georgia has released a statement addressing the citizens of Georgia, who intend to attend the celebration of the Holy Fire in Jerusalem.
Georgian Minister, who could have started a Nuclear War
An involuntary soviet officer, who could have plunged Turkey into the “nuclear winter”,
The Guardian: How Jack Shepherd tried to elude British justice in Tbilisi
The Guardian has recently published an article about Jack Shepherd “How Jack Shepherd tried to elude British justice in Tbilisi”.
Photography Workshop with Karolina Jonderko
Karolina is an award-winning photographer with a master's degree in photography from the Polish National Film,
Jennifer Lopez wearing David Koma in her New Music Video
A new song “Medicine” by American singer Jennifer Lopez featuring Moroccan-American rapper French Montana has just released.
Lithuanian Embassy releases statement regarding April 9 tragedy
The Embassy of Lithuania to Georgia has released a statement regarding April 9 tragedy in Georgia.
6 streets in Tbilisi to be named after April 9 female victims
Six streets in Tbilisi will be named after female victims of April 1989 tragedy.
Exclusive interview with Erik Høeg, Head of EUMM Georgia
Georgian Journal offers its readers an exclusive interview with Erik Høeg, Head of Mission of the EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM) Georgia.
30 years since April 9 tragedy
30 years have passed since 9 April 1989.
Georgian actress Vika Kalandia on the set of a new TV show by Netflix
Georgian actress Vika Kalandia has recently published photos
Georgian actress Vika Kalandia to appear in a new TV show by Netflix
Georgian actress Vika Kalandia will appear in a new TV show on Netflix.
Remains of Georgian soldiers identified in Holland
The remains of Georgian soldiers killed on Texel Island, Leusden were identified using DNA analysis in Holland.
Georgian Inventor students will travel to NASA Space Center
The winner of the Millennium Innovation Competition has been revealed.
Lady Gaga chooses Georgian designer Tamuna Ingorokva
Tamuna Ingorokva is a successful Georgian designer.
Gifted teacher Lado Apkhazava warmly welcomed back in Georgia
Lado Apkhazava is a Georgian teacher who is among 10 finalists of the Global Teacher Prize 2019.
 Georgian TV presenter, who has traveled to 112 countries and 5 continents
We are sitting by the fire and the chief tells me: You behave as if you were one of us;
Malkhaz Kobauri sentenced to life imprisonment for killing the Smiths family
Malkhaz Kobauri, the shepherd accused of murdering three members of the Smiths family in Khada Gorge, has been sentenced to life imprisonment.
Georgia gave the world wine – what did Jeremy Clarkson find amazing in Georgia?
Last autumn The Grand Tour team Jeremy Clarkson, James May and Richard Hammond visited Georgia and recorded one of the episodes here.
Jury find shepherd, accused of killing American family, guilty
A jury has found Malkhaz Kobauri, the shepherd who is accused of killing American family
The Grand Tour team, Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond, James May visit Georgia's occupied territories
A new video featuring The Grand Tour’s trip to Georgia has recently appeared on the internet.
Ukraine and Georgia fighting for the common occupant
Georgian brand Giovanni Morra issues anti-occupational passport holder for Ukraine.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
22.04.2019
23.04.2019
USD
1
USD
2.6935
2.6935
EUR
1
EUR
3.0291
3.0291
GBP
1
GBP
3.5021
3.5021
RUB
100
RUB
4.2126
4.2126
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.6935
EUR
1
EUR
3.0291
GBP
1
GBP
3.5021
RUB
100
RUB
4.2126
April 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30