The Georgian-Armenian Conflict
16 September, 2010
The Georgian-Armenian Conflict

The historical Loreh - this small but very old Georgian land which is now part of the Armenian territory – was declared a neutral zone and was supposed to be ruled by Georgians and Armenians in regular turns. Professor Simon Maskharashvili has more.

 


GJ – In November of 1918, Germany and its allies surrendered. As a result, the young democratic state of Georgia lost its strategic allies, but Georgia and the rest of the South Caucasus in general, were not

only within the sphere of German and Russian interests. What was the situation like around Georgia at further stages of historical development?
SM – As soon as Georgia lost its allies our neighbors took advantage of the situation momentarily.

GJ – Do you mean Russia?
SM – This time the conflict occurred between Georgia and Armenia because of the controversy about the border line. Armenia was backed by Great Britain. Georgia was not reckoned as a reliable partner because of its former alliance with Germany. The mistrust was further aggravated because Georgia was at that time ruled by the socialists, the unacceptable political force for Britain. When conflict occurred between Georgia and Armenia, Britain refused to play a mediating role although they had never encouraged Armenia to develop the conflict. The worst part of the situation was that Georgia lost the battle from the diplomatic view point although it came out a pure winner, speaking militarily.

GJ – This sounds very illogical though. How come that a winner in the conflict was also a loser? 
SM – The thing was that armistice was signed between Georgia and Armenia through British efforts and mediation, but the act was equal to a complete disaster for Georgia.

GJ – Why?
SM – Because the genuine Georgian territory - the historical Loreh - which is now part of today’s Armenia, was declared neutral. This simply meant that this small but the oldest Georgian land, which has always been part of the historical Georgian territory and used to be part of the Georgian Province of the Russian Empire, was supposed to be ruled by Georgia and Armenia in regular turns. This armistice was signed with the insistence of the British Mission in the South Caucasus, and it was signed when the Georgian army had totally pulverized the Armenian military force. As a mater of fact, it was quite possible to avoid that conflict in general. Logically speaking, Great Britain should have been more interested in maintaining unity in the South Caucasus rather than demonstrating its support for one particular country or political force. What happened in reality was that the Georgian-Armenian conflict was sparked immediately after the fact of substitution of Germany by England in the South Caucasus as an external military and political force. When Georgia was under the German protection, we had never made even one step in this direction.

GJ – What direction?
SM – It was not Georgia who had instigated the confrontation. It was Armenia who started it. And Armenia was backed by Great Britain. And there might be no ambiguity about that. Meanwhile, the most justified behavior on part of Great Britain would have been its attempt to consolidate South Caucasus, not to separate it. Britain made a mistake but it quickly understood it. Let’s call it a strategic political error, shall we? As a result, Britain embarked on a new role of a mediator in the conflict. To fulfill this, the British army entered Tbilisi. They also assumed another role of a trouble-shooter between Georgia and Russia, but they deliberately procrastinated the recognition of independence of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Eventually, Britain recognized only Georgia’s independence in January of 1921 which was a very belated act at that time. Had they recognized the independence of all three states in 1918-1919, the processes would have taken a completely different direction. Instead, Great Britain kept bargaining with the Russian White Guard - General Kolchak’s authorities - which was in no way considering the recognition of independence of any state that used to be part of the Russian Empire.

GJ – How could one justify such a passive behavior of Great Britain? That was the attitude which encouraged the Bolshevik Russia to annex those republics one more time. 
SM – Britain was trying its best not to interfere in Russia’s internal affairs, considering the issue of territories as such. Britain was trying to bargain on issues like territories with General Kolchak as well as the Bolshevik Russia, but they made very bad bargains in both cases. Now that we are trying to analyze those historical events, ours should not be the only shoulders to put the blame on. There were many dialogues, consultations and recommendations going on between British and Georgian diplomats about a possibility of finding common tongue among Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, but all was in vain – nothing was being done practically to consolidate the South Caucasus republics. Britain’s first step should have been the recognition of independence of those three countries. At the same time, Georgia’s Menshevik government was making serous mistakes in the process of building the state. The first mistake was made in building the army. At that time, the British experts calculated and estimated all resources of Georgia and made a conclusion that Georgia could easily afford 56-thousand-strong armed force.

GJ – What was the estimation of British experts based on? 
SM – After quitting WW1, all the armament used by the Russian Empire on the southern front was found at Georgia’s disposal – the entire aviation, artillery, tanks, etc. In addition to that, Georgia had its own 25 generals who happened to be not just the generals of the newly-created army but the generals who had fought in the First World War. 23 of them were awarded the title of Heroes of the War and had been decorated with St. George Orders. Besides, Georgia had 20 thousand officers and 60 thousand soldiers with years of the WW1 experience under their belts. The mentioned military gear, Georgia’s geographic location and the battle-field experience of its warriors made up a very serious military potential of the country.







Print
Other Stories
Georgian Kakhaber Abashidze becomes Director-General of Walt Disney Company CIS
Georgian Kakhaber Abashidze has been appointed as Director-General of Walt Disney Company CIS, reports AT.ge.
Public Registry registers Kibar Khalvashi as Rustavi 2 TV owner
According to the data posted on the Public Registry website, Kibar Khalvashi is the owner of 60% shares of the Rustavi 2 broadcasting company.
European Court of Human Rights founds no violation by Georgian courts in Rustavi 2 case
The European Court of Human Rights has published a judgment in the Rustavi 2 case.
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – New Stencil in Tbilisi
Kartlis Deda covering her eye – new stencil has appeared in Tbilisi.
Historic Petra fortress will host an electronic music festival
On August 10 the historic Petra fortress located in the village Thsikhidziri in Adjara will host GR –Fest - an open air electronic music festival.
From September Iakob Gogebashvili's "Deda Ena" will make a comeback in Georgian schools
This fall, at the beginning of the new academic year every first-grader will receive "Deda Ena" as a gift.
Georgian painter creating unique paper sculptures
Beso Kobakhidze, a painter from Ambrolauri, a city located in the western part of the country, has been creating unique paper sculptures for 8 years now.
Anti-occupation movement "Force is in Unity" patrolling in Davit Gareji
One of the leaders of the anti-occupation movement, Davit Katsarava, says that there is a calm situation in Davit Gareji for the time being,
23rd day of Anti-occupation rally, Interior Minister does plan to resign
Georgian Interior Minister Giorgi Gakharia said that the dispersal of a rally near the parliament on June 20
President Putin falsifies History of Georgia
Following the II Global Manufacturing and Industrialisation Summit, Vladimir Putin met
“Дождь” news program accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine
“Дождь”, Russian TV channel’s news program was accompanied by a bottle of Georgian wine as a show of solidarity for Georgia.
Khatia Buniatishvili and Guillaume Gallienne perform Georgian song “Suliko”
Khatia Buniatishvili made French actor Guillaume Gallienne and journalist Anne-Sophie Lapix perform an improvised Georgian dance
Tbilisi Pride held, demonstrators of two different rallies spend the night on Rustaveli Avenue
Anti-occupation demonstrators and opponents of Tbilisi Pride spent last night on Rustaveli Avenue.
What does the store “Georgian” offer tourists in Summer?
“Georgian”, a tourist store of “Biblusi” is popular not only with tourists but with everyone looking for a Georgian product.
Rustavi 2 TV Anchor Insults Putin, Government calls it a provocation
On July 7, Giorgi Gabunia, anchor of the PS news program on Rustavi 2 TV, used obscene terms against Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili wins The Voice Kids Ukraine
Georgian Alexandre Zazarashvili has won the fifth season of The Voice Kids Ukraine.
Part of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ to be filmed in Georgia
A 10-minute episode of ‘Fast and Furious 9’ will be filmed in Georgia.
Euronews: “Georgia goes green”
Euronews has recently published an episode of Focus about Kutaisi, second largest city in Georgia.
Georgian children idol Giorgi Gogichaishvili dies aged 51
Georgian actor and TV host Giorgi Gogichaishvili passed away yesterday.
 Bakery "Puri Guliani" - History of Georgian baking
Puri Guliani – this is what our ancestors called pastries that they earnestly created all over Georgia with a variety of fillings.
Russia is an occupier – Protest-themed birdhouses
Ramaz Grigalashvili from Khashuri, a town in the central part of Georgia has been building birdhouses for about 6 years.
Russian rugby club suspends Georgian rugby players contract
The Russian rugby club "Slava" suspended the contracts of two Georgian rugby players.
Young Georgian lost over 120 kilos in a year
A 20-year old Giorgi Bibilauri lost 120 kilos through a year intense workout.
Danish artist created illustrations on current events in Georgia
Livija Viksna is a Danish/Latvian illustrator based in Tbilisi.
Anita Rachvelishvili and Nino Katamadze join the rally
Georgian singer Nino Katamadze and mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili joined the peaceful rally on Rustaveli Avenue.
PHOTO OF THE DAY
GEL Exchange Rate
Convertor
20.07.2019
21.07.2019
USD
1
USD
2.8845
2.8845
EUR
1
EUR
3.2410
3.2410
GBP
1
GBP
3.6177
3.6177
RUB
100
RUB
4.5787
4.5787
Other Stories
World famous British singer Jessie J has decided to wear clothes made by Anouki Areshidze, Georgian designer and wife of the mayor of Tbilisi.
Bassiani, one of the most popular underground clubs not only in Georgia but throughout Europe as well, has opened today
An amazing video made in Georgia by tourists from the Philippines have gone viral on the internet.
Over the recent two days May 12-13 Tbilisi city saw a peaceful protest rally in the center of the city.
Hundreds of people took to the main street Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi to protest the raid in Tbilisi’s popular night clubs.
Two bear cubs listed as endangered on the red list were handed over to Tbilisi Zoo,
Tbilisi Mayor Kakha Kaladze and Deputy Tbilisi Mayor Ms. Sophio Khuntsaria have gifted a food stand
Pamela Anderson, famous Canadian American actress and model has appeared in the chic sunglasses by internationally acclaimed Georgian designer George Keburia.
A ski lift accident in Georgia’s eastern Gudauri resort,in particular at Sadzele 5 lift, has left 8 people with injuries.
The ski lift in Gudauri winter resort in Georgia has broke down in the aftermath of which several people have been injured.
GEL Exchange
USD
1
USD
2.8845
EUR
1
EUR
3.2410
GBP
1
GBP
3.6177
RUB
100
RUB
4.5787
July 2019
Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31