5 Facts You Need to Know about the Windsurfing
15 September, 2018
5 Facts You Need to Know about the Windsurfing
How to become the windsurfing master Windsurfing is an active leisure activity that combines elements of classic surfing with sailing.

Nowadays that type of sport become very popular that is why there are different competitions around the world such as:

• Formula windsurfing,
• Olympic Windsurfing Class,
• Slalom,
• Wave and speed sailing,
• SuperX
• Freestyle and all take place around the world.

Historical Reference

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The idea of a sailing board first came to two friends Jim Drake and Hoyle Schweitzer. However, this is not entirely true. The history of the first sailing boards begins in the 40s of the last century, and the ancestor of windsurfing or as it was commonly called the sailing board is the American Newman Darby.

He designed the first sailing board in the 40s of the last century, but this attempt turned out to be a failure, since the board did not quite resemble a sailing board in the form in which we used to see it. The board could not really maneuver and it was clumsy.

And only in 1964 Newman Darby, after countless experiments, finally got his way, and after installing on the board the shutter, he realized that the board could maneuver and climb the wind and understood the fact that he had invented a new sport.

The next major development occurred in the late 1960s. Jim Drake, an aeronautical engineer, was thinking about how to make the sail move by rotation and, therefore, conceived a universal hinge. This mechanism allows the rider to control the power and direction, changing the angle of the sail to the side. Jim Drake and Hoyle Schweitzer outstripped N. Darby and received a patent for their invention - a sailing board.

Types of boards

Thanks to the work of the people whom we mentioned above, there are different types of boards. Here is the list of the most popular:

1. Learning Boards
It is a large board, which allows not to sink when the windsurfer is on it. Board for beginners usually has a retractable dock, which helps to maintain a straight course during skating. The larger the volume of the board is, the more stability it guarantees to the windsurfer, providing a better balance on the water.
2. Freeride boards
Freeride boards are designed for comfortable riding at low speeds. They are suitable for beginners for skiing on smooth water. The board has an average size (100-170 liters), due to this it provides good balance. Freeride boards are particularly popular and are most often offered for rent.
3. Wave boards
The boards of this kind are lighter, smaller and more maneuverable - 60-90 liters volume and 2.3-2.6 meters long. They are ideal for experienced athletes and are used for riding on the waves. They can be used in almost all weather conditions.
4. Freestyle boards
Freestyle boards are very similar to wave boards. But they are more extreme and designed to perform various acrobatic tricks, such as somersaults.
5. Slalom boards
Slalom boards, in fact, perform the same purpose as the first short boards. They are used for speed skating for only experienced windsurfers, as they are very difficult to control. As a rule, slalom boards are not very stable.
6. Formula Windsurfing boards and Super X boards
Formula Windsurfing boards and Super X boards are boards for an advanced level of speed skating. These boards are used mainly for racing competitions and provide quick access to planing.
7. Tandem board

Tandem board, designed for two people. The volume of such a board is about 360 liters; length is 3.7 meters. There are two sails on it, with the front sail being set less than the rear. There is also a possibility of a single ride with a sail in the center.
H3 How to choose the appropriate equipment?

To take the first steps in the windsurfing, you need to choose the right equipment. If a person first stands on the board, he or she needs a training board that has 2.80-3.40 meters of length and a volume of 180-240 liters with a cupboard. This board is good for beginners. It usually is used for 1 season, because the next one, most likely, you will need another that will allow you to advance your skills.

If you want the board to serve you during longer period (2-3 seasons) - then you need to purchase a board up to 3.0 min volume of 160-180 liters. Perhaps at first, there may be minor problems with equilibrium, but it is easier to master gliding and other initial basic elements of walking.

Children, for example, need a small board, because it is impossible for them to manage bigger one.

How to ride a windsurf?

Classes of windsurfing are held with a special device - "sailing board" or "windsurfing." The sailboard visually reminds the yacht that has been reduced many times. The same is applied to the sail, which is made of polyester fabric or Mylar. A sail in windsurfing can be moved along the axis in two directions and tilted because it is attached to the board not rigidly. The steering wheel is missing, and control is performed by moving the center of gravity of its own body. The length of the board is about 3 meters, width from 0.6 to 1 meter. On the water, the windsurfing board is held by the lifting force due to Archimedes' sliding and pushing force.

You can move on the board in two ways. When the weather is windy, the planing mode is used - the board is kept on the surface due to the lifting force of the oncoming flow. The second way - displacement mode - part of the board is immersed in water. At the same time, the speed of the movement is low due to strong water resistance.

This sport is very useful for health and develops a group of muscles. It is believed that athletes, windsurfers are most athletic, in comparison with the athletes of other sports. And even the age and physical training of the windsurfing is not a hindrance.

Briefly about Professional windsurfing

One of the most popular and affordable for the average amateur is:

Slalom - speed race
Freestyle - performing tricks
Wave - riding on the waves

But we should remember that this sport is very dangerous, so you need to be careful.
Riccardo Campello is the only windsurfer that has approached the indicator of 2.5 turns. The Brazilian athlete is a multi-champion of this sport. But that's not the pick if the athlete performs a triple somersault, as the sponsors promised to pay him $ 10,000 for better result.

An interesting fact is that the higher the professionalism, the smaller the volume of the board is. That is, an athlete who ventured to try his hand at windsurfing must necessarily be able to cope professionally with a small board that slides on the water.

The volume of the size is indicated in m3. The sail is indicated in the amount of its area (m2). The selection takes into account the strength of the wind and the rule - the stronger the wind, the smaller sail is . They are produced most often from polyester coated with Kevlar fabric.

If you want to improve your skills, you can go abroad and visit training courses:

1. In Turkey - Marmaris, Gekova Bay (Akyaka), the bay of Hisaronu, the resort of Alacati. Here you can fight and conquer the wind from April to the end of October.
2. In Greece - the Aegean Sea, an abundance of winds from the Ionian Sea contribute to an excellent natural atmosphere for that sport. When choosing a tour, pay attention to the islands of Lemnos, Rhodes (it is better to go here in the summer months), Kos, famous for the spots Marmari, Psalidi, Mastichari.
3. In Cyprus - the entire coast of the island is suitable for the use of windsurfing.

By the way, windsurfing is such an exciting sport that resourceful athletes don’t forget about it even in winter. Now you can ride a windsurf not only by sea but also by clear ice and snow. This kind of entertainment is called an ice-board. Moreover, this kind of sport is well developed all over the world.

Moreover, there are different competitions based on that type of sport. The main difference between an ice-board and windsurfing is in their specificity. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the wind should be strong enough. Therefore, another difference between winter windsurfing and summer is that it depends entirely on weather conditions. And if the wind is not strong enough, the results of the race will simply be canceled.

First photo courtesy: http://www.redrocksurf.com/en/windsurf-2/

About Author:

Brenda Coleman, CEO&Senior Writer

I am an experienced editor and part of the Writing Department staff of Primetimeessay education service. Also, I am a professional academic writer and the regular blogger of KQED, TeachThough, HuffPost Education, Nat Geo Education Blog etc.
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